3D Printed Houses
Published: 06th February 2017
3D printed homes built for us to live in are no longer a figment of the imagination. WinSun, a company in China, has the capacity to 3D print 10 homes in a single day. While no one can claim they are fully attractive, they can at least be said to be economical while practical. By using a concrete-like material composed of recycled construction and industrial waste, the houses are first printed in different pieces. At the desired home located, the printed pieces are joined with each other. For sustainability purposes, WinSunhas plans to build production facilities across Asia to collect waste matter and change them into 3D printing material. During early 2015, WinSun was even able to make a 5-story condominium building applying these same technologies.
And then there’s “KamerMaker”. Dutch for “room maker”, this project by DUS Architects is building a canal house made entirely of 3D printed materials. Pieces of the home are printed at the build site and then assembled together. You'll be impressed with the final product when they are done in 2018. With 13 rooms and elaborate detailing, the home is quiteremarkable. Large bricks are printed using molten plastic. Each room is put together by laying these bricks down as part of the foundation. The nearby Canal House museum has a smaller prototype of the KamerMaker created out with a 3D printer.
Other people are taking this amazing technology, aiming to improve the quality of life for others in need. One such example is the WASProject (short for World's Advance Saving Project).Using raw materials found within the nearby area, their purpose is to build 3D printed homes for those in need. The WASProject was able to demonstrate their printer at the Rome Maker Faire in 2013. Using just soil, oil and water, it was able to print large structure while also being low-energy.
Not just for building homes, you'll also soon see a 3D printed office building in Dubai. The 3D printing will not just cover the outside structure, but also everything within like furniture.If you visit Dubai in the next couple of years, you'll already be able to see this 3D printed building in the city center. WinSun will be involved in the building construction.
Another group in the University of Southern California is getting involved in 3D printing and in different 3D printing materials. For more information on the different types of 3D printer material available, click here. For the team in Southern California, their process is called Contour Crafting. They are able to print the full structure as a whole, layer after layer, and they are also able to leave gaps needed within the framework for built-ins like plumbing or wiring. NASA has even teamed up with the University of Southern California to research more on Contour Crafting. There are questions if we will be able to leverage on this technology to build 3D habitats on another planet. Appropriate planet or moon soil would have to be found that would be right for 3D printing because the cost of transporting build materials from Earth would be too much. The framework of the home would be built by melting the soil and using that as the raw material into the 3D printer.
3D printing has definitely come a long way since it first started in the 1980s. Visit www.totrf.com/3DPrint to learn more about 3D printing.
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