A Discussion on Static and Dynamic Websites

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Published: 24th July 2015
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While considering building a website either for personal or for business purposes a prior decision regarding the dynamic or static state of the web pages of the website is highly demanded. Even though both these websites look similar in their appearance, there exists a lot of difference in the stages of creation and maintenance of static and dynamic websites because of their back-end functionality. Let us look in to the features along with their comforts and drawbacks of both static and dynamic websites.

Static websites:
There are many static websites lying on the internet. These websites look basic without any bells and whistles and simply delivers information to the viewer and generally suitable for smaller company.

A static website is just a collection of HTML files hosted on a single domain. Each web page is a separate document written entirely using HTML and does not rely on any databases or external files for its operation. These static web pages remains stable for ever unless and until any manual changes are made to its material context through any alterations in its HTML codes. Of course, a little bit dynamic element could be added on to the page with the help of scripting language such as JavaScript, to display a random number in the web page every time it is being downloaded. HTML, JavaScript, CSS and images are the tools used to create a static website.

Comforts:
Static websites comprises only a few pages and cheap to develop. Therefore it is considered to be a cost-effective solution.
These load quickly on client browser as it has only a few markup contents.
It is highly secure as it behaves as a half-duplex approach to support only one way communication from the server to the client.
It runs directly on the browser and hardly requires any server application language.

Drawbacks:
It is tedious to update the content and the designs of each and every pages of the website.
It requires technical expertise for its updates.
Stagnated content of the web page.

Dynamic websites:
Dynamic websites are interactive web pages owing a greater degree of functionality designed using more complex code such as PHP or ASP. As these dynamic websites are controlled by a content management system it is easy for any layman to make updates to the web pages without possessing any technical knowledge in it.

Each and every page of these websites is generated from the information stored in a database or an external file and the Content Management System which is being used to maintain them directly modifies this stored information.

Virtually speaking almost every web system today is dynamic - social networks, news sites, e-commerce sites, online examination etc.

Comforts:
Increased functionality to create the web pages dynamically and generate its contents through database queries.
It is easy to change the content of the page using the server application language.
Implementing any changes in the designs and layouts of the pages could be done easier across all or the selected pages.
It enables the user to interact with the content to update, edit and share it based on their preferences.
Less maintenance costs.

Drawbacks:
It takes some time to load on the client browser since it processes the server side requests and create contents dynamically.
It is less secure. It behaves as full duplex approach, supports two way communication enabling the user to change the server data.
It is very expensive and complex to develop as it requires qualified developers to create, manage, test and maintain the security of the application and the database.

To conclude, websites demanding a few pages and not anticipating too much of updates could opt for static Websites Design as a cost-effective solution.

However, for websites demanding frequent updates, dynamic web pages would be the best choice.

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