Investigating the potential effects of lost or discarded soft plastic fishing lures on the environme

Published: 18th May 2020
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Recreational fishing is a favorite activity across the world (Cooke and Cowx 2004) and especially in regions including North America (Arlinghaus and Cooke 2009). In 2006, in the united states, over 33.9 million residents went fishing at least once during that period (USFWS 2007). Recreational fishing supplies immense socioeconomic benefits, and consequently, many water bodies in North America are managed to optimize benefits for anglers and society (Arlinghaus and Cooke 2009; UN 2012). Lately, there continues to be an increasing realization that recreational fishing, regardless of the utilization of modern fisheries management strategies, can have various adverse outcomes that extend beyond exploitation (McPhee et al. 2002). Fishing gear is discarded haphazardly by irresponsible anglers (i.e. littering) and, more commonly, as unintentional loss by responsible anglers (e.g. when line breaks during a failed cast, when equipment becomes entangled in debris). To emphasize the potential magnitude of gear loss, a study in Minnesota (Radomski et al. 2006) interviewed 8,068 boat anglers for five walleye (Sander vitreus) fisheries and found 80 % of anglers reported fishing gear loss, translating to a loss rate of 0.0127 pieces per hour. Linking this to angler numbers and hours spent fishing, this equated to over 100,000 lead-based items lost in the summer of 2004 alone. Fowl ingestion of lead sinkers has been well studied (Scheuhammer and Norris 1996; Franson et al. 2003), and there are a variety of efforts underway by authorities, anglers and the fishing industry to 'get the lead out' through education programs and development of nontoxic choices (Goddard et al. 2008). Hooks may be ingested by a variety of organisms (reviewed in Cooke and Cowx 2006) and lost line can be entangled in creatures (Derraik 2002) and has also led to degradation of coral habitats (Yoshikawa and Asoh 2004). Birds have become the focus of the majority of studies, although fishing Gear loss really has the capacity to make difficulties for a variety of wildlife. Soft plastic fishing lures (SPLs) have been commonly used in the angling community because the early 1970s. Soft plastic lures strongly resemble natural forage and provide an alternate to live lure that is cumbersome. With growing concern for biosecurity and lure transfer, there's additional recent curiosity about the utilization of SPLs to get various fisheries. Another benefit to using SPLs is that they are a lot more durable than live bait, enabling one to catch multiple fish per lure. This lastingness and following longevity is due to their being composed -biodegradable synthetic polymers. Now, you will find hundreds of kinds and brands of soft plastic lures, and for the most part, they are the same general makeup, softened plastic which contains phthalates added to other products that are similar or polyvinyl chloride. Similar to lead sinkers/ fishing gear, SPLs possess the capacity to be lost or discarded in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

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