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Published: 05th February 2017
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A pinched nerve is created when nerves are compressed because of surrounding bones, cartilages, muscle, tissues or tendons.

Pinched nerves can occur throughout the body, but are most frequently seen in the back, with 90% of pinched nerves found in the lower back.

Despite the various causes of pinched nerves, they usually occur in exercises, sports injuries, poor posture, obesity and genetics.

The main symptoms of pinched nerves derive from bulging or herniated discs, lumbar disc hernias, cervical disc hernias or a thoracic herniated disc. Bulging/herniated discs create pinched nerves in-between the vertebrae of the spine and are most commonly seen in the nerves of the most flexible areas like the cervical and lumbar. The most common lumbar disc hernias usually occur in the L5/L5 and L5/S1, where pinching of the L5 nerves can cause numbness, pain, burning and tingling sensations. Those symptoms may be felt in other parts of the body like the inner thigh, leg and big to. The pinching of the S1 nerve can cause a lot of pain down that is felt in the outer leg, the ankle, the sole of your food and the side of your foot.

Cervical disc hernias are not as frequent as lumbar disc hernias, but are still very susceptible to pain that can be felt in the arms.

Chronic headaches can result from cervical disc hernias if the nerves between the first and second or second and third cervical levels are pinched. A thoracic herniated disc may lead to a spinal cord dysfunction, (also called a myelopathy), neurological deficits or strong pain. These symptoms usually occur after a traumatic disc herniation associated with myelopathy.

There are three minimally invasive Bonati Spine Procedures that can help treat pinched nerves.

Foraminotomy increases the space of the foramen, the location where the nerves exit the spine, to help relieve pressure on your spinal cord. A laminectomy, where the boney arch of the vertebrae covering the nerves of the spine, also called the lamina, is completely taken out to widen the spinal canal and relieve pressure on the spinal cord. With the third being a laminotomy, a surgery that removes the arch in the vertebrae covers the nerves of spine to ease tensions and open the spinal canal.

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