Solid Wood Floor builder Durban

Published: 03rd April 2015
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There are a couple of techniques someone can lay a solid wooden floor. One is usually to apply the boards directly on the concrete substructure by using glue and the other would be to suspend the flooring utilising joists or batons. This can be at times referred to as a sprung or suspended floor.

In the first process it is really imperative that the substrate is absolutely flat. When the flooring is not completely flat, the boards will lift simply because they'll go down under stress and through time will pull themselves up. If your surface isn't totally flat it is best to screed it and get it flat. Or you can decide to install a sprung floor. Even so installing a sprung floor will result in the surface being approximately 50mm higher than it had been or 30mm higher than the other system. Cause being is that there would be a baton beneath the boards to accept the floor board. So double check where your surface will wind up ahead of deciding on the approach.

I'll go into extra detail about each system in 2 separate posts which you are able to search for in the search bar on the right, but for the purposes of this guide I will simply touch on the kinds of timber somebody can chose and also a broad outline of solid wood flooring.

There are various types of timber that can be used for solid wood flooring. Each one comes with its own characteristics and properties. Some are harder than others, some are less prone to marking because they are dark coloured. What I find most important is to choose a timber that will not move much after installation. All timber will move as it expands and contracts due to fluctuations in temperature, moisture in the atmosphere and other factors. These will all vary with the seasons and in different parts of the country the variation will be different. It is always a good idea to bring the timber to site where it will finally be laid and let it acclimatise for a few weeks before installing. If the timber for instance was kiln dried and then stored in Durban on the coast, then later moved to Gauteng it will move because of differing temperatures and moisture in the atmosphere. So it should be allowed to rest for a few weeks before installing. In fact it should be allowed to rest before machining so that any movement can be removed through the machining process resulting in a flat, square, stable board. There is nothing more frustrating than laying solid wood floor boards only to find that later they have cupped or bowed slightly and unsightly gaps appear between boards or worse still they start to lift. It is not always possible to let them rest before machining but at least allow them to rest before installing so that any movement can be seen before installation and corrected where possible.

One can try and match the colour of the timber to the rest of the room. Saligna for instance is slightly pinkish in colour whereas teak will be a much darker wood and sometimes with dark heartwood and lighter coloured sapwood. You can get creative in matching the colours and intersperse dark with light. If you feel like get really clever you can use different types of wood in your floor but be careful to try and match the timber in their density so that all the pieces will expand and contract at a similar rate.

Your floor should be finished with a good quality polyurethane either in mineral based or water based. Water based is normally preferred as it allows you to apply several coats in the same day. Also it is better for our environment.

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